Human Evolution & Ancient DNA (2018)

Charlotte Houldcroft & Simon Underdown


30 Second Anthropology  (2017)

Edited by Simon Underdown

Ivy Press

Anthropology: A Beginner’s Guide (2013)

By Joy Hendry and Simon Underdown

One World Books, Oxford.

Introductory Readings in Anthropology (2013)

Edited by Hilary Callan, Brian Street and Simon Underdown

Berghahn Books.


Bretzke, K., Preusser, F., Jasim, S, Miller, C., Preston, G., Raith, K., Underdown, S.J., Parton, A., Parker, A.G. Multiple phases of human occupation in Southeast Arabia between 210,000 and 120,000 years ago. Sci Rep 12, 1600 (2022).

Riaan F. Rifkin, Surendra Vikram, Jean-Baptiste Ramond, Alba Rey-Iglesia, Tina B. Brand, Guillaume Porraz, Aurore Val, Grant Hall, Stephan Woodborne, Matthieu Le Bailly, Marnie Potgieter, Simon J. Underdown, Jessica E. Koopman, Don A. Cowan, Yves Van de Peer, Eske Willerslev, Anders J. Hansen

Multi-proxy analyses of a mid-15th century ‘Middle Iron Age’ Bantu-speaker palaeo-faecal specimen elucidates the configuration of the ‘ancestral’ sub-Saharan African intestinal microbiome

Microbiome (2020) 8:62 

Ramond, J., Underdown, S.J., Hansen, A.J., Cowan, D.A., Rifkin, R.F. (2019)

L'ADN ancien, nouvelle source d'information pour comprendre l'évolution humaine. 

Lesedi, 21, pp42-44.

Houldcroft, C.J., Rifkin, R.F. & Underdown, S.J. (2019)

Human Biology and Ancient DNA: Exploring Disease, Domestication and Movement

Annals of Human Biology, Volume 46, No. 2, pp95-98.

Ham, E., Underdown, S.J. & Houldcroft, C.J. (2019)

The relative roles of maternal survival and inter-personal violence as selection pressures on the persistence of Neanderthal hypercoagulability alleles in modern Europeans

Annals of Human Biology, Volume 46, No. 2, pp99-108. 

Pimenoff, V.N., Houldcroft, C.J., Rifkin, R.F. & Underdown, S.J. (2018)

The Role of aDNA in Understanding the Coevolutionary Patterns of Human Sexually Transmitted Infections

Genes 2018, 9(7), 317; 


Underdown, S.J., Kumar, K. & Houldcroft, C.J. (2017)

Network analysis of the hominin origin of Herpes Simplex virus 2 from fossil data

Virus Evolution, Volume 3, Issue 2, 1 July 2017, vex026,

OUP  Blog on Virus Evolution Paper:

Velduis, D. & Underdown, S.J. (2017)

Human Biology of Migration

Annals of Human Biology, Volume 44, No. 5, pp393-396.

Houldcroft, C.J., Rifkin, R., Ramond, J.B. & Underdown, S.J. (2017)

Migrating microbes: What pathogens can tell us about population movements and human evolution

Annals of Human Biology Volume 44 No. 5, pp397-407.

Underdown, S.J . & Smith, S.J. (In Press)

Lifting the Gloomy Curtain of Time Past: Tracing the Identity of the First Cognitively Modern Hominin in Deep History

Royal Anthropological Institute Special Issue: edited by Robin Dunbar

Houldcroft, C.J. & Underdown, S.J. (2016)

Neanderthal Genomics Suggests a Pleistocene Time Frame for the First Epidemiologic Transition.

American Journal of Physical Anthropology 

Volume 160, Issue 3. pp379-388.

Underdown, S.J . & Oppenheimer, S. (2015)

Do Patterns of Covariation between human pelvis shape, stature, and head size alleviate the obstetric dilemma?

PNAS 2016 113 (3) E258

Houldcroft, C.J. & Underdown, S.J. (2015)

Neanderthal Genomics Suggests a Pleistocene Time Frame for the First Epidemiologic Transition


Underdown, S.J. (Editor) (2014)

Biological Anthropology in the JRAI, then and now.

Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, Special Issue. November 2014.

Underdown, S.J. (2012) 

Fitzroy’s Fighting Fuegians: Comparison of Palaeopathological and Ethnographic Indications of Fighting Behaviour in an Extinct Human Population.

International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 22:3, pp373-378.

Underdown, S.J. (2011)

Clues in the bones - The Impact of Diseases on the Human Skeleton

Biological Sciences Review,  23 (3) pp 2-5.

Priston, N.E.C. & Underdown, S.J. (2009)

A Simple Method for Calculating the Likelihood Crop Damage by Primates: An Epidemiological Approach

International Journal of Pest Management, 55 (1) , pp 51-56.

Underdown, S.J.,  Walkington, H.,  Parker, A.G. 

& Underdown, J.N. (2008)

Preliminary Report on Palaeolithic Surface Sites in the Emirate of Ras al-Khaimah, UAE

Bulletin of The Society for Arabian Studies, 13, pp 23-24.

Underdown, S.J. (2008)

A Potential Role for Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies in Neanderthal Extinction

Medical Hypotheses, 71, pp 4-7.

Underdown, S.J. (2006)

How the word ‘hominid’ evolved to include hominin

Nature 444, 680, 07 Dec 2006.

Underdown, S. J. (2006)

A comparative approach to understanding Neanderthal trauma

Periodicum Biologorum, 108 (4) August 2006, pp 485-493.

Davies, R. & Underdown, S. J. (2006)

The Neanderthals: a social synthesis

Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 16 (2):June 2006, pp 145-164.

G.A. Clark, R. Davies & S. J. Underdown. (2006)

Some Observations on ‘The Neanderthals: a Social Synthesis’ with a response from Davies & Underdown.  Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 16 (03): October 2006, pp 349-351.

Underdown, S.J. (2006)

Teaching Evolution to the Converted

Oxford Brookes Teaching News: News & Good Practice in Learning, Teaching and Assessment.  Semester 2, 2005/06

Guest Edited Journals and Special Issues

Underdown, S.J., Foley, R.A. & Elton, S., (In prep) 

Evolutionary Approaches to Reconstructing the Past.

Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute Special Issue

Pimenoff, V.N., Rifkin, R.F. & Underdown, S.J. (2021)

New Resources and Methods for Reconstructing Human-Pathogen Co-evolution

Biology (IF 5.079)

Houldcroft, C.J., Rifkin, R.F. & Underdown, S.J. (Editors) (2019)

Annals of Human Biology Special Issue: Human Biology and Ancient DNA: Exploring Disease, Domestication and Movement

Underdown, S.J. & Veldhuis, D (Editors) (2017)

Annals of Human Biology Special Issue – The Biology of Human Migration

Underdown, S.J. (Editor) (2014)

Biological Anthropology in the JRAI, then and now.

Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, Special Issue. November 2014.

Book Chapters

Parker, A.G. & Underdown, S.J. (In Press)

Environmental Controls on Human Dispersal and Adaptation. 

In: Pollard, M., Armitage, R.A. and Makarawicz, C. (eds.) Handbook of Archaeological Sciences, 2nd edition. Wiley

Newspaper Articles

Underdown, S.J. (2010)

Teach the bigger story of science

Guardian Unlimited, 17/02/10

Underdown, S.J. (2009)

The misuses of Darwin

Guardian Unlimited, 12/11/09

Underdown, S.J. (2008)

The evolution will be televised

Guardian Unlimited, 08/10/08

Underdown, S.J. (2008)

Evolving a belief in God

Guardian Unlimited, 09/06/08

Underdown, S.J. (2007)

Race against time

Guardian Unlimited, 12/12/07

Underdown, S.J. (2007)

An evolving tale

Guardian Unlimited, 03/04/07

Underdown, S.J. (2007)

Dem bones

Guardian Unlimited, 07/03/07

Underdown, S.J. (2007)

Survival of the thickest

Guardian Unlimited, 24/01/07

Book Reviews

Underdown, S.J. (2019)

From Anthropology to Social Theory: Rethinking the Social Sciences, by Arpad Szakolczai and Bjørn Thomassen

Times Higher Education, 28/02.19

Underdown, S.J. (2019)

Studies in Forensic Biohistory: Anthropological Perspectives. Edited by Christopher M. Stojanowkski and William N. Duncan. Folia Primatologica , 2019;90:137-137.

Underdown, S.J. (2018)

A Taste for the Beautiful: The Evolution of Attraction, by Michael J. Ryan

Times Higher Education, 08/02/18

Underdown, S.J. (2017)

Think Like an Anthropologist, by Matthew Engelke

Times Higher Education, 31/08/17

Underdown, S.J. (2017)

Darwin and the Making of Sexual Selection, by Evelleen Richards

Times Higher Education, Book of the Week, 23/02/17

Underdown, S.J. (2017)

The Rhinoceros and the Megatherium: An Essay in Natural History, by Juan Pimentel

Times Higher Education, Book of the Week, 09/02/17

Underdown, S.J. (2016)

Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow, by Yuval Noah Harari

Times Higher Education, 13/10/16

Underdown, S.J. (2016)

Home: How Habitat Made Us Human, by John S. Allen

Times Higher Education, 14/07/16

Underdown, S.J. (2016)

The Real Planet of the Apes: A New Story of Human Origins, by David R. Begun

Times Higher Education, 07/01/16

Underdown, S.J.(2015)

The Global Prehistory of Human Migration, Edited by Peter Bellwood 

Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute

Underdown, S.J. (2015)

The Strange Case of the Rickety Cossack and Other Cautionary Tales from Human Evolution, by Ian Tattersall

Times Higher Education, Book of the Week, 30/07/15

Underdown, S.J. (2015)

The Brain: Big Bangs, Behaviors and Beliefs, by Rob DeSalle and Ian Tattersall

Trends in Ecology & Evolution, Volume 30, Issue 5, p239, May 2015


Underdown, S.J. (2015)

The Invaders: How Humans and Their Dogs Drove Neanderthals to Extinction, by Pat Shipman

Times Higher Education, Book of the Week, 23/04/15

Underdown, S.J. (2015)

Eternal Ephemera: Adaptation and the Origin of Species from the Nineteenth Century Through Punctuated Equilibria and Beyond, by Niles Eldredge

Times Higher Education, 12/03/15

Underdown, S.J. (2015)

Huxley’s Church & Maxwell’s Demon: From Theistic Science to Naturalistic Science, by Matthew Stanley

Times Higher Education, 05/02/15

Underdown, S.J. (2014)

The Meaning of Human Existence By Edward O. Wilson

Times Higher Education, 04/12/14

Underdown, S.J. (2014)

Thinking Big: How the Evolution of Social Life Shaped the Human Mind, by Clive Gamble, John Gowlett and Robin Dunbar

Times Higher Education, 18/09/14

Underdown, S.J. (2014)

Human Evolution Lite

Paleofantasy: What Evolution Really Tells Us about Sex, Diet, and How We Live by Marlene Zuk

BioScience, 64(9), pp359, Sept 2014.

Underdown, S.J. (2014)

Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England, by Piers J. Hale

Times Higher Education, 31/07/14

Underdown, S.J. (2014)

Neanderthal Man: In Search of Lost Genomes, by Svante Pääbo

Times Higher Education, 03/04/14

Underdown, S.J. (2013)

Trying Biology: The Scopes Trial, Textbooks, and the Antievolution Movement in American Schools by Adam R. Shapiro

Times Higher Education, 04/07/13

Underdown, S.J. (2013)

Darwin Deleted: Imagining a World Without Darwin by Peter J. Bowler

Times Higher Education, 09/05/13

Underdown, S.J. (2011)

Social Anthropology and Human Origins by Alan Barnard

Times Higher Education 14/04/11

Underdown, S.J. (2009)

Charles Darwin’s Notebooks from the Voyage of the Beagle, edited by Gordon Chancellor and John van Wyhe (2009).

Times Higher Education, 22/10/09, pp 52

Underdown, S.J. (2009)

The Pure Society: From Darwin to Hitler by André Pichot (2009).

Times Higher Education, 27/08/09, pp 46

Underdown, S.J. (2008)

The World from Beginnings to 4000 BCE (The New Oxford World History) by Ian Tattersall (2008).

Times Higher Education, 22/05/08, pp 46-47

Underdown, S.J. (2005)

The complete world of human evolution by Stringer & Andrews (2005). 

History Today, 55 (7) pp64, July 2005

Underdown, S.J. (2004)

Les Neandertaliens de La Chaise by Susan Condemi (2001).

Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society, 2004


Neanderthal Genomics Suggests a Pleistocene Time Frame for the First Epidemiologic Transition Houldcroft, C. J. & Underdown, S.J. (2015)

Royal Society Meeting: Major Transitions in Human Evolution

22-23rd October 2015


Underdown, S.J., Rifkin, R.F., Dahling, K., Scheib, C.L. & Bretzke, K. (2019)

Sedimentary DNA Analysis from FAY-NE1 Jebel Faya, UAE

Proceedings of the European Society for the study of Human Evolution 

Underdown, S.J. & Houldcroft, C.J. (2015)

Neanderthal Genomics Suggests a Pleistocene Time Frame for the First Epidemiologic Transition

Proceedings of the European Society for the study of Human Evolution 4 (225)

Underdown, S.J. (2004)

Freezing, Fighting and Falling; an exploration of trauma causality in the Neanderthals, Fuegians, Eskimo and Aleut.  

American Journal of Physical Anthropology 123 (S38)

Underdown, S.J. (2004)

A Comparison of Neanderthal and Selk’nam trauma. 

Annals of Human Biology 31 (1) 115.